Vol 20, No 2 (2023)

Theory and methodology of education

Development of the program "Method of projects" in the organization of independent work of schoolchildren at the senior stage of learning

Startseva N.V.


The paper argues the use of the project method in the independent work of students in extracurricular activities and proves that it is not only an effective way to form a number of competencies, but also allows to form a high level of independence in their application. Skills of independent implementation of project activities, knowledge of methods, technologies and strategies of their implementation ensure the training of future specialists of a new generation at the secondary school stage. The article describes the developed project of extra-course activities of linguistic origination for secondary school students "Project method" in the organization of independent work of schoolchildren at the senior stage of education. It highlights all the constituents of the program: its explanatory note; educational and thematic plan; course topics; information and methodological support; methodical recommendations for the teacher; methodical recommendations for students. The relevance of the problem stated in the paper is due to the fact that the abilities developed in project activities outside of school English classes, contribute to the formation of a number of competencies.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):5-14
pages 5-14 views

Speech etiquette situation of apology in classes of Russian as a foreign language (on the example of Asya Petrova's story «Sorry, Fool»)

Gaponova Z.K., Serogodskaya A.A.


The paper proposes to pay attention to the study of speech situation of apology by foreign students on the example of modern fiction text analysis. Since reading as a kind of speech activity is connected with the cognitive function of the language, the proper selection of texts in the classes of Russian as a foreign language contributes to the application of the factual information contained in them in practice, as well as increasing linguocountryological competence of students. The research updates the role of speech etiquette in the aspect of linguo-country studies and raises the problem of finding relevant and communicatively valuable material for teaching, the selection of such texts that would be available for intercultural discussion. Choosing the story «Sorry, Fool» by the children’s writer Asya Petrova, the authors describe the advantage of modern children’s literature over other sources and aim to create productive intercultural communication in the classroom. Analyzing the situation of an apology at advanced levels of language proficiency, the authors consider an apology as a communicatively defined event that takes into account contemporary realities and extra-linguistic factors. A system of exercises and questions, including the traditional complex of text tasks: pre-textual, by-textual and post-textual exercises aimed at the formation of the behavior culture and the development of oral speech, is proposed for the formation of students’ communicative skills. The research resulted in the testing of the presented work in practical classes with foreign students on topics related to speech etiquette and human speech culture. The authors note that the affective reading on the example of Asya Petrova’s story «Sorry, Fool» proved to be effective in practice, contributed to the creation of a situation of success in the organization of international communication and allowed to implement the participants’ intentional promotion of the principles and values of their culture in the class.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):15-30
pages 15-30 views

K.D. Ushinsky as a teacher and mentor of Russian national pedagogy (to the 200th anniversary of his birth)

Kochemasova L.A.


Considering the analysis of the scientific research, the author turns to revealing and understanding the pedagogical heritage of the outstanding teacher and scientist Konstantin Dmitrievich Ushinsky in the field of scientific knowledge. The paper focuses on the conceptual ideas of K.D. Ushinsky, which present the main provisions of the education and upbringing of the younger generation, the stages of professional training of the future teacher, the popular image of the teacher. The importance of the teaching profession for modern society is emphasized. The author pays special attention to the popularization of the teaching profession, the recognition of the special status of teaching staff, including mentoring, which is of particular importance in the Year of the Teacher and Mentor. The practical significance of the study is in the integration of pedagogical science and practice in the context of the challenges of the 21st century as a construct for the implementation of modern educational practices in the innovative activities of a teacher, tutor, mentor, facilitator by organizing and holding the International Competition for Research and Creative Works of Students “In the World of Wise Thoughts K.D. Ushinsky”. The presented results of the study update the pedagogical heritage of K.D. Ushinsky in modern pedagogical science and practice and can be used as a tool to attract students to the teaching profession.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):31-44
pages 31-44 views

An intralinguodidactic reform of STEM English curricular design: a case study of scientific literature reading

Yue Y.


To match the teaching demands of STEM talents with global competence, an innovative intralinguodidactic methodological approach has been designed and experimented in curricular constructions of STEM English education. In this research project, the construction of English reading course is focused on achieving the training aim of global competence. The aim of this paper is to develop a practical curricular framework of Scientific Literature Reading on the methodological base of intralinguodidactics. The object of this paper is to evaluate the intralinguodidactic curricular framework of STEM English course. The subject is to examine the effectiveness of employing intralinguodidactics as a methodological basis for curricular design. The relevance of this project has been proven by the teaching practice in three aspects: interconnection, decentration, and compatibility. The teaching practice proves that global competence is a set of knowledge, skills, competencies and personal qualities allowing STEM talents to develop communicative competence of a foreign language. And global competence is shaped by future careers of a graduate. Hence, the educational process of STEM English acquires a new meaning, that is, it becomes a process of the autonomous cognition and digestion of English information literacy materials entertaining professional and sociocultural significance.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):45-60
pages 45-60 views

Theory of pedagogy

Technologies of interactive English teaching at technical universities

Linnichenko S.I.


The interactive learning is the mandatory requirement in the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education. Language skills are necessary for high-qualified specialists in different fields including the technical sphere. Therefore, the new interactive methods of teaching a foreign language should be developed. The goal of the study was to theoretically substantiate and experimentally test the pedagogical conditions and implementation forms of interactive teaching a foreign language at technical university. As research tools, we used methods of literature review, theoretical analysis of pedagogical literature, and generalization of scientific data. It is concluded that in the educational practice such forms of interactive learning as creative tasks, educational games, work in groups, projects and e-Learning are used. As a result of the study, there have been proposed pedagogical conditions for implementing interactive language teaching; besides, there have been studied the educational resources of the interactive forms; the created and tested author's educational and methodological materials based on the platforms Quizlet and Worldwall.net were intended for the effective organization of students’ independent work in an interactive mode. The study concluded that interactive methods and techniques develop language skills, but by teaching a foreign language in modern conditions, a competent combination of traditional academic forms and interactive, including electronic forms, is required.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):61-74
pages 61-74 views

Unsuccessful pedagogical situations

Dobrova V.V.


On the basis of the previous theoretical and practical research conducted by the author, in this paper the concept of “pedagogical situation” is studied. The suggested classification of pedagogical situations is based on the ability of a pedagogical situation to solve pedagogical tasks, reach pedagogical problems, achieve a pedagogical effect and thus to become a pedagogical event. On these basis as well as on the logic and practice of a teacher's everyday work, the three types of situations were previously identified. One type of these situations is described in this paper. The goal of such situations is unachievable, which means that the situation can not change from a potential situation to an actual situation. The goal-oriented principle of analysis opens up the prospect of establishing relationships between all the parameters of the situation and the personal characteristics of its participants. The scheme for describing pedagogical situations logically includes the following components: participants (teachers and students a potential pedagogical agent), goal/task, conditions (locus).

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):75-84
pages 75-84 views

Higher school education

Role-playing as a form of joint activity in the process of learning a foreign language

Pushkareva I.A.


The paper is devoted to the consideration of the role-playing game as a form of joint activity in order to form social and communicative competencies of students in the foreign language classes in a non-linguistic university. The problem of joint activity in the learning process is one of the most important in modern psychology and pedagogy. The paper attempts to reveal the interdisciplinary nature of the concept of “activity” through a system of active subject-object relations or interactions from the point of view of basic and related sciences. The research is also focused on the structural components and process of joint activities, consideration of the activity approach in the management of the education process and self-organizing activities of students. Joint training activities at a foreign language lesson are considered through the forms of interaction between the teacher and students in the process of preparing and conducting a role-playing game. The joint educational activity of the teacher and students forms not only the communicative, but also the social competence of students, and is also considered as a model of their further interactions. The role-playing game is recognized as one of the most effective innovative forms of teaching a foreign language and is a socially significant and practically directed activity that increases the language and social competence of students and implements a communicative and activity approach to teaching a foreign language. The author justifies the need to use innovative methods of teaching a foreign language that contribute to the productive solution of personal, social and professional matters. Analysis of the role-playing game in a foreign language practical lesson made it possible to come to conclusions about the effectiveness of game forms and an activity approach in learning, as well as the possibility of implementing all forms of educational cooperation leading to partnership as the highest and most developed form of a person’s self-organization.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):85-100
pages 85-100 views

Role of information and communication technologies in the development of listening skills of non-linguistic students at a technical university

Shvaikina N.S., Popel A.A.


This paper focuses on a particular type of modern technologies, i.e. information and communication technology which has emerged as part of digital didactics. These technologies have brought about dramatic changes in all walks of life as well as in our expectations of what students should learn to survive in a new technological world. In their future work students will have to deal with large volumes of information obtained digitally, to use digital tools to work not only in Russian, but also in a foreign language (English). Consequently, it is necessary to teach them how to operate digital tools while teaching them the language. Among the most challenging speech activities, it is listening comprehension that challenges learning the most and requires longer time to develop at technical university due to insufficient number of hours given to the discipline called “Foreign (English) Language” in engineering faculties. Thus, the object of the research is the process of developing listening skills of nonlinguistic students in foreign (English) language classes. The subject of the research is interactive tasks based on web-services, aimed at developing their listening skills. The aim of the research is to create and test listening comprehension tasks on the platform of web services during lessons of foreign (English) language for students of non-language direction at technical university. To follow up listening skills and search for new audio texts the authors suggest using Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab resource and AI-based Andy application which simulates native speech. Based on a four-month (one semester) experiential study these resources have proven themselves effective.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):101-114
pages 101-114 views

Levels of mastering theoretical knowledge of higher mathematics in computerized testing

Kal’ney S.G., Konsevich N.N., Migunova E.S., Chaykina E.V.


This paper deals with the problem of computer testing of students’ level of theoretical knowledge on Higher Mathematics. When assessing students in Mathematics, their mastery of skills and abilities to solve problems and to use theoretical material falls into different categories. Test tasks to assess the ability to solve typical problems are often based on the prediction of the success of their solution by students, taking into account teaching experience, task examples from published sets of tests on Higher Mathematics. The process of tasks development is rather complicated for many reasons. In particular, when discussing some tasks with the student during the exam, the teacher’s questions usually do not have a test form and it is more difficult to predict the success of the student’s performance in this case. Therefore, the paper proposes to correlate test tasks to assess the mastery of theoretical material in higher mathematics with a certain hierarchical system of levels of knowledge acquisition. Matching test tasks knowledge with mastering level allows you to take into account their development and the depth of the study of theoretical material in mathematical disciplines. The paper deals with the hierarchical system of four levels of knowledge assimilation (recognition, mechanical reproduction, fragmentary understanding, integral understanding), gives examples of tasks for each level and the results of the success in individual test tasks, which can be useful for teachers when developing tests to check the theoretical knowledge of Mathematics.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):115-126
pages 115-126 views

Implementation of the forum-theater technology in the development of professional competencies of future teachers

Kuznetsova S.V.


This paper presents the analysis of significant trends in the development of professional competencies of future teachers in accordance with current regulatory documents (Professional standard "Teacher", FGOS VO 3++). The author considers the potential of the technology of developing learning, in particular the technology of the forum theater, defines its essence, purpose and objectives, and also presents the results of the study implementation during the experiment. The experimental base was made up of 2nd year bachelor students in the field of training "Pedagogical Education". The paper presents quantitative and qualitative results of the development of professional competencies of future teachers, as well as methodological recommendations for the implementation of forum-theater technology in the conditions of higher pedagogical education. In accordance with the relevant documents regulating the content of the educational process, the author has selected the most significant professional competencies, without which the effective implementation of the professional activity of a teacher is not possible. The author describes the technological and substantive basis of the forum-theater technology, identifies the purpose and stages of its implementation, identifies the professional competencies of future teachers, the development of which this technology is aimed at. The specifics of the technology implementation are determined, taking into account the stage embodiment of the developed material. The educational results of future teachers are revealed considering the Federal State Educational Standard and by immersing students in the professional proposed environment of professional activity.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):127-140
pages 127-140 views

Modern trends in education

Conceptual basis for creating the electronic service "Evaluation of the efficiency of the class teacher"

Aksenov S.I., Loshchilova A.A., Katushenko O.A.


The paper reveals and substantiates the conceptual foundations of an electronic service for evaluating the effectiveness of a class teacher, the relevance of which is due to the strategic priorities of modern education, the goals and objectives of the development of the state and society. The concept of an electronic service implements the key provisions of the author's methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of the class teacher, which provides the ability to design an assessment trajectory depending on the requests and needs of the class teacher and the administration of the educational organization. Theoretical provisions, approaches and principles for the development of an electronic service are determined, the purpose, functionality, roles, content, evaluation procedure, form and structure of the results presentation are presented. The principles of design, security requirements, as well as the possibilities and prospects for using the electronic service in the system of general and additional professional education are disclosed.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):141-152
pages 141-152 views

General psychology

Cognitive and emotional statements as components of reciprocal interaction in network thinking

Dautov D.F.


Working in the world of the 21st century requires ever closer cooperation, more and more people. At the same time, paradoxically, the people of this society are increasingly striving for independence and feel lonely, despite the increased possibilities of digital technologies that greatly facilitate information interaction. All this could not but affect human thinking, which, together with network technologies, was forced to change significantly, turning into network thinking. As thinking changes, so does the interaction between people. To study this interaction, a study was conducted to analyze the components of reciprocity in network thinking. The method used in obtaining primary results was content analysis. Mathematical processing of the obtained data was carried out by means of multivariate analysis of variance. The study determined the parameters of the initial conditions of network thinking that affect various forms of reciprocity, as well as emotional and cognitive statements. Combinations of conditions in the greatest and least degree influencing the quantitative and qualitative component of interaction in solving mental problems are revealed. The influence of various forms of reciprocity on emotional and cognitive statements realized in the process of network thinking by participants in problem solving has been established. Combinations of two forms of reciprocity are determined that contribute to a change in the number of emotional and cognitive statements. Fundamental differences in the influence of various forms of reciprocity on utterances in the process of joint mental activity are revealed. The results obtained as a result of the study can be used to assess the features of interdependent interaction in the implementation of network thinking and its correction by changing the initial conditions for the implementation of mental activity.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):153-170
pages 153-170 views

Structural organization of learning styles among students with different risk of internet-dependent behavior

Bembeeva N.A., Belousova A.K.


The paper presents empirical results of the study of the structural organization of learning styles among students with unequal risk of Internet-dependent behavior based on structural and psychological analysis. The purpose of this research was to study the structural organization of learning styles among students, taking into account the degree of risk of their Internet-dependent behavior. The features of students’ learning styles in the Internet space are analyzed. The relevance of the research is due to the fact that the introduction of the Internet into a person’s life has changed his thinking and, in general, his image of the world. At the same time, the study of learning styles at the student age is of interest not only in scientific terms, but also in practical terms due to the active introduction of online learning and the use of information technologies in the learning process. The study used Chen’s CIAS methodology, D.Kolb’s "Definition of learning style" methodology, "Thinking Style" methodology by A.K. Belousova. The study also used methods of mathematical and statistical processing of empirical data, in particular, structural and psychological analysis based on generalized indicators of the index of organization, integrativity and differentiation of the structure, the express-x^2 method for comparing matrices and structurograms for their "homogeneity–heterogeneity", proposed by A.V. Karpov. The results of the study show that the values of the indices of the structural organization of the indicators of learning styles and Internet addiction differ among students with different risks of Internet-dependent behavior. The structural diagrams of the study indicators in all three identified groups of students with varying degrees of Internet-dependent behavior are heterogeneous. Thus, they have qualitative differences in the content of the relationships.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):171-182
pages 171-182 views

Social psychology

Dynamics of students' internal health picture with increasing external stress factors

Doronina N.N., Kuznetsova L.B., Shvetsova V.A.


The rapid changes in the situation in world politics, the increase in the intensity of armed conflicts, the narrowing of the time perspective are unprecedented challenges that the modern generation of young people have to face. In these conditions, the problem of the psychological health of young people and the factors of its preservation is becoming increasingly important. To designate the integral characteristic of the idea of one's health in the self-consciousness of the individual, as a system-forming factor of health-saving behavior in domestic psychology, the concept of "internal picture of health" is used. The purpose of the study is to analyze the dynamics of the internal picture of the health of university students in the context of the growth of external stress factors (increasing tension of the armed conflict in the neighboring state). The study was conducted on the basis of the Belgorod State National Research University. It was attended by students of 2007, 2017 and 2022 recruitment years. The total number of subjects was 288 people. The analysis of the characteristics of the dynamics of the internal picture of students' health was carried out using the following psychodiagnostic methods: the questionnaire "Attitude towards health" (R.A. Berezovskaya), the questionnaire "Assessment of the level of satisfaction with the quality of life" (N.E. Vodopyanova), the questionnaire "Coping methods" (R .Lazarus, S. Folkman, adapted by K. L. Guseva). The results obtained allow us to conclude that the transformation of the internal picture of health among young people in the face of the growth of external stress factors is really taking place. The revealed dynamics of attitudes towards health is expressed in a more pragmatic approach to health, an increase in satisfaction with the ability to maintain one's own emotional well-being, as well as a more intensive use of most types of coping, updating previously unused coping strategies. Thus, the internal picture of health as a systemic psychological formation acts as a regulatory mechanism of self-awareness, activating its work aimed at overcoming threats to the psychological health of the individual. The results of the study can be used in the work of the psychological services of universities.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):183-198
pages 183-198 views

The concept of interethnic security of the region (on the example of Tatarstan)

Khusnutdinova R.R., Yusupov I.M.


When there is a social and economic disadvantage in the region, the consciousness of the subject begins to look for the image of the enemy, which more often focuses on representatives of national diasporas. Interethnic tensions are growing. The distance between ethnophores and ethnoses increases to complete mutual rejection in their area. In an aggravated situation, social security. The paper puts forward the concept of interethnic security based on minimizing threats perceived by the ethnos as a problem. An indicator of unstable security is an increase intension. Subjectively, security is expressed in the absence of fear of external threats [1]. Its predictors include: numerical and status imbalance of ethnic groups; their hyperidentificity; unemployment of the population; its low education; intolerance. The listed socio-psychological constructs are observed visually and recorded by the corresponding markers of individual and mass behavior. The purpose of theoretical and empirical research is to distinguish between manifestations of anomalies of ethnic identity and to resist extremist actions provoking interethnic and interfaith conflicts. An empirical study of the interethnic distancing of three peoples – Russians, Tatars and Chuvash – who make up 96 % of the region's population was conducted. The representative sample included 946 people. Based on an array of empirical data, general and individual estimated ranges of ethnic groups' distance were calculated. Predictors of increasing interethnic tension in the region they make up a structural pentabasis. Exceeding the acceptable for an ethnic group «norms» of any of them causes alatent murmur of ethnophores. Exceeding the «norms» of the two signals about the increase in protest. In case of three or more in any combination – mass disobedience is possible, threatening security.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):199-216
pages 199-216 views

Short communication

Methodological support for professional development of university instructors

Labzina P.G.


Professional development of university instructors has always been an important aspect of the educational environment, which requires appropriate methodological support. It is aimed at creating conditions for improving educational activities and transforming it in accordance with advanced achievements in scientific, practical, and innovative fields. This is necessary to improve the quality of professional training of teaching staff. The content of methodological support is considered in several directions, including active use of innovative technologies in the educational process, development of theoretical foundations for forming creative potential of teaching staff, and assistance in mastering competencies in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standards. This study focuses on the discipline of Academic Writing and creating conditions for professional development of instructors who teach this discipline, since organizing conferences, seminars, and workshops for academic writing instructors and providing opportunities for professional development in this area do not always meet the demand and growing interest in this aspect. The experience of creating and participating in a reading group for one year is presented. The main goal of the group was to develop participants’ understanding of the concept of “academic writing” as well as to discuss effective teaching methods for this discipline in higher education institutions. Various pedagogical theories and concepts of academic writing, a critical evaluation of existing writing teaching practices in Russian universities were also considered. The process of the group work, its results, and the advantages and disadvantages of this form of interaction for professional development were described. In conclusion, the reading group is proposed as an opportunity for foreign language instructors not only as a form of methodological support for continuous professional development but also as an opportunity for collaboration in the educational environment of the university.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2023;20(2):217-223
pages 217-223 views

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