Vol 16, No 3 (2019)


Network wars, polylog and script convention in socially destructive online groups

Bakshutova E.V.


Socio-cognitive modeling of network communications discourses is associated with the changeof the research vector from «descriptive» to «modeling» language phenomena and processes. The article focuses on some types of modeling of cognitive methods for the prevention of psychological threats to public welfare. The paper presents the method of scripting online - groups in the convention of humanization of group opinion, based on teaching methods, attitude to the situation of discussion, excluding destructiveness. Negative emotional reactions revealed by us in network communications (collective fears, aggression, resentment), as well as cognitive models of political extremism and intellectual terrorism allowed us to construct a coding matrix that includes a description of the phenomena of destruction and their linguistic psychological markers. Based on the hypothesis that constructive conventionalization of the discussion can be achieved with 30 % of the conventional writing positions, we conducted an experiment in the Russian-speaking sector of the social networking site Facebook. In the article, the example of three discussions started on May 18, 2019 (dedicated to the opposition of citizens in Yekaterinburg due to the construction of the temple and the death of the journalist S. Dorenko) shows that constructive implantation of the script can be carried out by the author / moderator of the discussion and by the participant / reader both unconsciously and consciously.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):6-18
pages 6-18 views

Teaching english for professional purposes: methodological and organizational issues

Burenina N.V.


The article gives a detailed analysis of the results of the questionnaires answered by teachers of EPP employed by a Russian university. The survey was done in order to reveal organizational and methodological problems that prevent from a considerable increase of the language competence quality of future specialists at the university. The questions reflected various aspects of the activity of EPP teachers. The first block included the questions that helped build up a social and professional profile of the teacher regarding age parameters, teacher’s experience in the field, academic degrees, university education. The second block of questions was aimed at revealing specificity in teaching EPP with taking into account students’ level of English, number of students, duration of learning English in the curriculum. The survey included the questions that made possible to define the most popular methodological techniques and approaches used, forms of teacher’s activity in the classroom. In order to improve the qualityof the English language education of non-linguistic students via up-dating methodological component, areas in which teachers need professional improvement were defined. A review of related works by Russian methodologists in the field was done at the preliminary stage of examining the problem. The summary of the results achieved concludes the article.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):19-30
pages 19-30 views

Implementation of project-based learning at a technical university: teacher enthusiasm or resistance

Gradaleva E.A., Houston M.


The article describes implementation of project-based learning within the scope of different academic disciplines at a technical university. The research aims at analyzing various problem points that teachers face while organizing project work of students. The reasons complicating proliferation of project-based learning are observed. Methodology includes analysis of pedagogical studies, examination of project-based activities at universities, interviewing, and questionnaire survey. The findings lead to the conclusion that project-based learning is interesting for the majority of educators and is considered to be an effective type of activity. However, it is not widely used at a technical university. This happens because of a number o f difficulties that occur in the process of project planning and implementation. These are the issues of keeping up motivation, the lack of time for doing projects and presenting results, unwillingness of students to take up self-studies, problems with control and assessment, unevenly distributed learning. The author proves the necessity of teacher professional development in this sphere. The most important units of the programme have been specified. It is recommended that the course trains educators to plan projects with due regard to curriculum, to share knowledge and develop skills significant in a specific area of studies, to nurture contemporary co mpetencies, such as confidence, perseverance, innovative thinking, creativity, flexibility, openness, sociability, teamwork. Moreover, the article describes the importance of discussing the methods of implementing short-term and international projects. According to the research, these types of project work are organized less frequently than the other ones.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):31-41
pages 31-41 views

Development of transprofessional competitions as a new task for methods of foreign language teaching

Gridneva N.A., Oparina K.S.


The article deals with the problem of transprofessional competences development by teaching foreign language in the professional education system. Its urgency is determined by considerably growing demand for specialists, which have not only well highly-specified competences, but also capacity for multidimensional activities and for successful work in an interdisciplinary team. Furthermore, the level of the study of the problem under consideration is theoretically and practically insufficient. Transprofessional competences are regarded as competences providing the ability of an employee to work beyond his or her obtained profession, to apply technologies of other professional spheres, to master new competences and find non-standard solutions. The discipline “Foreign language”, as shown in the article, has a high potential for development of transprofessional competences. But according to the results of our pretesting this potential remains predominantly unrealized: the foreign language teaching process is mostly organized based on former, partially outdated ideas about probable professional needs of a modern engineer. In the article we set a goal to elaborate methodological procedures for improvement of effectiveness of teacher’s work for that matter. We report on the most vital theoretical and practical aspects of our further vocational training course program, which we prepared for foreign language teachers to help them to choose more appropriate learning content and technologies and to perfect their skills needed for the most effective application of them.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):42-54
pages 42-54 views

Using "peer review" method for language assessment

Korovina I.V., Konstantinova D.V., Safonkina O.S.


The article discusses the peer review method in reference to the assessment of students’ language knowledge. This method provides consistent analysis, which results in assessment criteria and study assignments in a short period of time. The aim of the study is to analyze the functional features and effectiveness of this method. In the process, the authors employed such research methods as the comparative analysis, questionnaires, descriptive method, and statistical method. As a result of the study the authors developed such evaluation criteria that can evaluate the specific features of such genre as an essay. That effects stylistic and functional characteristics that differ the essay from an article. The advantages and disadvantages of the peer review method were identified, among which, among other things, it was noted that peer review helps to engage students in the educational process and develops critical thinking in them. It analyzed the list of linguo-didactic functions of this method and discussed the students’ attitude to the use of the “peer review” method in teaching foreign languages in relation to the assessment of linguistic knowledge and skills. In addition, the authors conclud on that checking grammar and vocabulary in written works should remain the prerogative of the teacher, because teachers remain more competent in these aspects than students. In this regard, the effectiveness of the peer review method is achieved if both the author and the reviewer have the same level of knowledge in the field of foreign language writing practice, and, accordingly, comparable writing skills in a foreign language.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):55-71
pages 55-71 views

Professional communication skills training for students of faculty of Physical Education and Sports

Levchenko A.V., Mayorova N.V.


The article is devoted to the problem of the academic communication skills development and describes the importance of studying a foreign language for students of non-linguistic universities. Today, academic communication, and in particular professional communication skills, as part of it, is becoming the subject of study of theorists and practitioners. Proficiency in a foreign language is a professionally significant property of any person who is preparing to work in a global society. Academic interaction at the international level is already considered as a mandatory component of the life of a modern student.Thus, communication in English in the student international environment and the participation in academic exchange programs are the main types of studying and are considered in the content of the “professional portrait” of a specialist in physical education and sports as system forming. The authors experimentally show the characteristics which can be developed on the basis of a significant program for teaching a foreign language at the faculty of physical education. The definition of the concept of “professional portrait” of a specialist in physical education and sports is given, in which professional communication skills in a foreign language plays a special role.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):72-78
pages 72-78 views

Pedagogical aspects of digital professional teaching skills development

Levchenko V.V., Zharkikh E.V., Mironova O.A.


The school teachers’ professional development requires systematic approach and innovation in the context of 2017 professional standardized profile. This paper highlights the lack of sufficient practical experience of work within the framework of new standard and a clear performance of the teachers’ training professional development. The article reveals the notion and pedagogical bases of new professional skills development of secondary school teachers, the main approaches to the process of formation of professional skills, their digital education and technological awareness as well as their main components and categories that characterize that process in the context of the problem of changing the paradigm of modern education. The findings of the research illustrate how the teachers’ training professional development can be based on the algorithm, which allows transforming the acquired skills into the ability to apply them in new, changing conditions.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):79-88
pages 79-88 views

Development and psychometric verification of body existence diagnostics (BED)

Lutsik M.Y., Drongo A.V.


Existential givenness is the main categories with which work takes place in existential analysis for the actualization of client being. Despite this, they have little operationalization and are poorly accessible to quantitative measurement methods. They are often investigated only through phenomenological means, which limits the possibilities of working with them. Especially it concerns the measurement of physicality, which has recently been discarded in favor of ontocentric spheres. Because of this, it is not always possible to understand the phenomenology of the inner world fairly accurately and in an accessible way, because the main existential, expressed in the possibility of being physically in this world, is not taken into account. It is also impossible to standardize the method of work and explore its effectiveness of psychotherapy without special tools. On the basis of this, the diagnosis of existential corporeality was developed. It investigated as a multidimensional phenomenon of the client's experience of its physical manifestation in the world. Specific methodological foundations were identified for creating diagnostics. The structure of the methodology and stimulus material was developed, which for the most part confirmed in factor analysis, only the Umwelt sphere - the objective world does not fully correspond to the expected characteristics. Convergent validity was established, which confirmed the subject of this tool, and also revealed the structure of bodily existential, which affects all other ontological characteristics. It confirms the hypothesis of necessary physicality basis for being. All major psychometric parameters were established, DET has high rates of convergent, prognostic and structural validity and reliability. This diagnosis can be used in practical work of a psychologist in the role of screening diagnosis, or the same as the reference stimulus material to be discussed at the session and allowing client to directly face the existential sphere of being.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):89-105
pages 89-105 views

Bachelor students’ soft skills development in course of foreign language instruction

Men’shenina S.G., Pozdnyakova G.A.


Currently there is a demand for specialists with developed soft skills which is due to relevant economic situation, increasing information flows and dynamic processes in the professional environment, as well as employers’ requirements. Thus, high quality education for future university graduates with universal competencies that can be useful in many life situations is required. The purpose of the article is to explain the need for soft skills development in course of foreign language instruction as one of the conditions for professional training enhancement. Soft skills are a complex phenomenon that includes four categories. The category under study is focused on thinking skills, which, in turn, are related to different types of effective thinking: analytical, logical, critical, systemic, creative, structural, project, tactical and strategic thinking, as well as information search and analysis, decision making. The authors of the article consider the technology of critical thinking development through reading as an effective means of soft skills development at bachelor students’ of various areas of training. Testing assessment demonstrated that most students’ critical thinking performance is at low level. Thinking skills under discussion were improved by means of reading authentic texts and doing exercises of various types: instruction, reconstruction, search. Teaching experiment confirmed the hypothesis that process of soft skills development should be effective if purposeful and consistent work is carried out to form bachelor students’ critical thinking skills in course of foreign language instruction at the university.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):106-115
pages 106-115 views

Structural components of readiness of students of non-linguistic faculties for the realization of intercultural communication

Morozkina L.G.


The article deals with the problem of readiness of students of non-linguistic specialties for the realization of intercultural communication in their future professional activity. We are talking about the competitiveness of graduates of non-linguistic universities in the conditions of the modern labor market. Relying on the fact that the notion of “readiness of a person for an activity” is defined by the author not as a temporary state, but as a stable property of a person acting constantly, the author distinguishes three structural components of the readiness of students of non-inguistic faculties to realizе intercultural communication - cognitive (knowledge about the real picture of the world, about the linguistic and cultural picture of the world), technological (ability to communicate in accordance with the cultural characteristics of the native speakers) and reflexive-evaluative (students’ skills to build and analyze the achieved results in the realization of intercultural communication and the motives). In order to form these structural components of readiness, three blocks of student training are identified: content block, technological and resulting blocks. The content block includes the knowledge of the correspondences and differences of cultural and linguistic-cultural facts, traditions, customs, customs of the native culture and the culture of the country of the language being studied. The technological block includes the forms and methods of teaching students of non- linguistic faculties how to realizе intercultural communication. The resulting block contains an evaluation of students’ knowledge and skills by the teacher. The completeness of the cognitive component of student readiness (knowledge of an intercultural nature) was determined by the author using a questionnaire. The completeness of technological and reflexive-evaluative components of the readiness of students of non-linguistic faculties to realizе intercultural communication was determined by assessing the students’ ability to perform intercultural tasks.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):116-127
pages 116-127 views

Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University

Myalkina E.V.


The work is devoted to the analysis of the development of the system of continuous professional education in Russia and abroad in various historical periods. The article analyzes the stages of development of the system of continuous education, the mainfactors affecting its development, comparable reasons. The study of the process of development of the system of continuous education allows to highlight the problems ofits formation at various stages. Modern society emphasizes the special role of education as the leading value of preserving and enhancing culture and the growth of human potential. Continuing education in such conditions is of particular relevance because it goes beyond the formal education, covering various groups of the population, more than other forms of education, providing self-realization and self-expression ofthe individual. Considering the main stages of the development of the system of continuous education, we can trace its subordination to the various priorities of the development of the state system: the development of the country’s industrial potential, political education and ideological propaganda, raising the cultural level of citizens. In this case can trace the vector of society’s influence on the system of lifelong education, which forms an actual order for educational topics: health protection, familiarity with new technologies, individual creative self-development.The study of the process of development of the system of continuous education allowed us to conclude about its significant role in the modern educational space, to identify its functions - professional, personal, social, to formulate the leading ideas for the development of continuing education in modern conditions.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):128-139
pages 128-139 views

Conceptual apparatus formation of the problem of building of communicative reflection of future specialists

Sannikova S.V.


The article is dedicated to the formation of the problem of building of communicative reflection of future specialists through the prism of historical aspect. The problem of reflection is one of the oldest and at the same time urgent problems that attracts attention of specialists from various fields of knowledge. This allowed us to study the experience of solving this problem, select the existing socio-historical background, to justify the timeliness and relevance of the research directions chosen by us. The category “reflection” considers to appear in Ancient times. The author relies on the works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Plotinus. A brief description of reflection in the Middle Ages is based on the teachings of Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. The next historical period in the development of category “reflection” in our work is the philosophy of the New Age, based on the works of Lock, Leibnitz, Hegel. In the twentieth century they started studying reflection from the point of view of activity, the psychology of thinking, the laws of organization of communicative processes, as a means of arranging educational activities, the result of comprehension of one’s life. The paper deals with reflection in the aspect of communicative activity, an objective analysis of various approaches to the question of the essence of communicative reflection is carried out. The communicative aspect of reflection is represented by the works of S.L. Rubinstein, V.S. Bibler, M.M. Bakhtin, I.S. Kon et al. The author highlights the problem of the development of communicative reflection from the point of view of the second part of the twentieth century research. The definition of “specialist” is defined in the article by the discourse of the competence-based approach. The author focuses on the increased demand for a specialist, his ability to use communicative strategies and personal reflection in professional activities.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):140-157
pages 140-157 views

Automated text processing: topic segmentation of educational texts

Solnyshkina M.I., Yarmakeev I.E., Gafiyatova E.V., Ismaeva F.K.


The article explores the problem of automatic quantitative assessment of text complexity and thematic segmentation of texts. The authors offer a brief description of the state of affairs in this area including the fact that the existing formulas for text readability index are genredependent and lose their reliability when used for texts of other genres. Based on the corpus of educational texts and analysis of quantitative text parameters, we suggest a new way of text ranking so that they correspond linguistic abilities of pupils. The study was carried out on the material of UMK Spotlight 11, the corpus used in the study comprises 38 texts of 12891 tokens in total. The methods used were topic segmentation, component analysis, statistical analysis, Flash-Kincaid readability Texts complexity assessment showed that the dynamics of texts with tasks (1) testing skimming abilities is from more complex to less complex (-0.2); (2) testing scanning abilities is from less complex to more (+0.4); (3) in the texts for intensive reading, text readability rose by 5.2. The thematic segmentation performed based on Monkey Learn revealed the vocabulary of 15 topics that, during the school year, are offered to students on average 3-5 times. The most frequent theme is "Humanities", the reference to which is revealed in 9 modules. It is significant that textbook authors offer the following topics Gardening, Computers & Internet, Science & Mathematics, Entertainment& Recreation only once during the school year.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):158-173
pages 158-173 views

Communicative training of the university graduate as of a society subject

Khramtsova А.B.


Urgency of students’ communicative training issue is caused by democratic tendencies of social development setting a new paradigm of education; change of criteria for evaluation of modern education quality among which readiness to cross-cultural interaction is significant. There is a need of communicative education organization for transfer expert training. The essence of two categories, innovative for professional pedagogics, is defined: "communicative and "communicative education". In the field of higher school didactics the strategy of students’ vocational training in higher education institution with setting on formation of social competence is specified; approved during the research communication technologies can be applied by teachers of foreign language for development of abilities to professional self- expression in multicultural environment.
Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2019;16(3):174-180
pages 174-180 views

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