Vol 19, No 4 (2022)

Theory and methodology of education

Theory and practice of labor education of junior schoolchildren in extracourse activities

Sarmutdinova G.B.


The paper emphasizes the importance of junior schoolchild’s labor education in extracurricular activities, a negative trend of developing generation underestimation is noted. The optimal transformation of the junior schoolchild’s labor education of in extracurricular activities is determined. It is clarified that labor is the most important means of introducing schoolchild to universal, aesthetic and individual values. The results of theoretical analysis and practical experience, ways to eliminate the identified difficulties in the organization of labor education of junior schoolchild in extracurricular activities are presented. The functions and tasks of a teacher, a schoolchild and a parent that influence the labor education of a junior schoolchild in extracurricular activities are clarified. The paper highlights the functions of labor education: teaching, developing, educational. The main function of the teacher is the organization of interaction with junior schoolchildren and their parents, the integration of various types of activities (cognitive, gaming, labor), according to which cognitive processes develop (perception, thinking, memory, etc.), their ability to communicate and work together with the subjects. The solution of the problem: to study the theory of labor education and describe the experience of labor education of a junior schoolchild in extracurricular activities, required a phased solution of it, taking into account the moral standards of the junior schoolchild, certain rules of his behavior. At the first stage of experimental work, we recorded the acquired qualities of labor education of junior schoolchildren in situations of life activity that illustrate their attitude to society, the team, work, people, and themselves. And at the second stage, the features of the influence of labor activity on interpersonal communication were revealed, and on this basis the level of development of the team in labor activity was determined.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):5-16
pages 5-16 views

Scientific interpretations of discursive competence in teaching a foreign language to students of higher and secondary education

Kozlova A.N.


The paper presents a diachronic analysis of existing concepts of discursive competence and features of its formation among college students. Two stages of discursive competence (DC) studies are considered, including Western and domestic linguistic studies. The stages of development of the concept of discursive competence are traced based on the theory of communicative competence of D. Haims and N. Chomsky, which was then continued in the works of Canale and Swain and conceptualized for educational purposes by Celce-Murcia, Dornier and Turell. The component composition of the DC includes, according to Celce-Murcia, the categories of connectivity, integrity, conversational structures, compliance with the order in conversation. The Council of Europe’s Language Policy Regulation (CEFR) on the essence of discursive competence, which includes the student’s ability to arrange proposals in the desired sequence, was also considered. Russian linguists and teachers also contributed to the understanding of the recreation center, in particular, N.D. Arutyunova, L.O. Gelivera, A.G. Gorbunov, E.N. Elistratova, N.V. Popova and others. In a generalized form, according to their opinions, the formation of the recreation center includes the creation of coherent statements in compliance with their thematic organization, cohesion and coherence, the interaction of the author with the reader within the functional style required by the communication situation. The novelty of the presented research is to consider the methodology for forming a discursive competence in classes on a foreign language in college, using the author’s textbook on discursive analysis. Experimentally, the author defines the main components of the formation of foreign-language discursive competence of college students and discloses their content for the implementation of oral and written communication of students.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):17-30
pages 17-30 views

Theory of pedagogy

The main methodological approaches to the formation of universal competencies of students of technical universities

Tuchkova A.S.


The paper highlights the theoretical provisions describing the main methodological approaches to the formation of competencies, which are provided for by modern federal state educational standards of higher education, taking into account professional standards (FGOS HE (3++)) — bachelor’s degree in the areas of training of the enlarged group 090000 Computer Science and Computer engineering: competence, system-activity and information approaches in education and pedagogical science. The differences between the analyzed FGOS in (3++) and earlier educational standards in the aspect of the formed results of educational activity are highlighted. The concept of competence itself is clarified, the views of scientists on the content of this term given in domestic and foreign literature are analyzed. The result of educational activity is considered as a set of competencies formed in the process of educational activity aimed at the implementation and application of professional skills of a future specialist in a certain subject area. Attention is drawn to the possibilities of the listed methodological approaches to the organization and implementation of the educational process in the formation of interdisciplinary and suprasubject competencies, which is required by modern conditions: the future specialist must be competitive, meet the needs of the employer, have opportunities for self-realization, etc. these opportunities are described by the example of curricula adopted for implementation in the Volga State University of Telecommunications and computer science». The necessity of integration of individual approaches in order to effectively implement educational activities is substantiated. It is noted that the need for effective organization of the modern digital educational process requires scientific justification. In this regard, the development of digital didactics, a new and relevant direction of pedagogical science, is being noted today.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):31-46
pages 31-46 views

The concept of the “pedagogical event” in educational discourse

Dobrova V.V.


Clarification of conceptual and terminological apparatus is an urgent task of modern pedagogy, in this connection the paper deals with the concept of “pedagogical event”, as well as its relationship with the main pedagogical categories: education, training and upbringing. Based on the research conducted within the social and human sciences, the integral features of the “event”, such as the significance of changes in the life of the subject and spatial and temporal characteristics were identified, which allowed to define the “pedagogical event” in an interdisciplinary dynamic aspect. One of the main functions of education in the modern world is the transmission of culture from one generation to another, reproduction and development of culture. If the aim of education is understood as the transmission, reproduction and generation of culture, the “pedagogical event” can be defined as a change through adaptation of cultural experience of humanity to the cultural experience of the student, i.e. translation of culture from one person to another.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):47-56
pages 47-56 views

Higher school education

Smart-recycling technology for construction waste in furniture design training

Zhdanova N.S., Ekaterinushkina A.V., Antonenko J.S.


The paper reviews the results of the creative team of teachers and students to explore the possibilities of recycling some construction waste. The analysis of publications in the sphere of ecological design testifies to the constant search of ways of recycling of different types of waste. The authors have focused their attention on the potential of using construction waste, the amount of which increases every year. The purpose of the study is to teach students to design furniture objects using recycled plastic pipes through educational Smart-technologies. The use of new Smart-technologies guarantees the achievement of the desired result. Their implementation was carried out in a “distributed learning environment” in stages. Preparatory stage: study of environmental problems and ways to overcome them, characteristics of construction waste, production and disposal of plastic pipes and existing ways of their recycling. Experimental stage: the study of plastic as a material for the manufacture of pipes, the technology of their manufacture, methods of connection; the development of an artistic and imaginative concept of furniture sets using plastic pipes. The final stage: the study of the possibilities of the project; the production of a prototype of the product in full size. The results of the study can be viewed from two positions: pedagogical and technological. From a pedagogical point of view, it is the promotion of students’ consciousness in the field of environmental design. From the technological point of view — the formulation of methodological recommendations for the design of high-quality products from secondary raw materials.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):57-72
pages 57-72 views

Educational results of future teachers in the field of education and their means of their assessment

Belyaeva T.K., Frolova S.V.


The paper analyzes the phenomenon of educational outcome in the field of educational activities and the basis for its design. Determining the quality of professional training of a future teacher in the field of educational activities is directly related to a reliable and optimal determination of the level of achievement of a student’s educational results, since a timely assessment of the level of educational results allows you to create a flexible system for responding to deficit areas in a student’s education, on the basis of which effective and personalized management takes place. content of education. The purpose of the article is a theoretical analysis, definition and substantiation of the content and composition of the educational results of future teachers in the field of educational activities and evaluative means of achieving them. Methods for researching a scientific problem are theoretical analysis of scientific literature in the field of pedagogy and psychology, methods for designing analysis, systematization and generalization of scientific literature on the research problem. The authors consider the content of the concept of educational result through the integration of competence and labor actions based on the methodological unity of competence-based and activity-based approaches. The paper reveals the content of the educational results of future teachers developed by the authors in the field of educational activities and indicators of their achievement. The authors analyze the means of assessing educational results and the structure of their construction. Test tasks and case tasks are singled out as the main evaluative means of achieving the educational results of future teachers. As a result of the study, three main educational outcomes in the field of educational activities were developed. To assess the educational results of the field of educational activities, indicators of the achievement of educational results in the preparation of future teachers for educational activities have been developed. The formulation of the educational result allows to determine the target component of the educational process, as well as to select the optimal combination of methodological approaches and means in organizing the conditions for its achievement. An important aspect is the selection of optimal evaluation tools for independent evaluation of educational results.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):73-86
pages 73-86 views

Career support for university graduates on the way to their successful adaptation in the labor market

Ryndak V.G., Kozyar M.V., Shchetinin N.A.


The paper analyzes the problem of the effectiveness of career support for university graduates, their position in the labor market, gender segregation, expressed in the difference in wages, the appearance of «female» and «male» professions, as well as in unequal job positions offered by employers. The authors pay special attention to the consideration of the methodology for diagnosing T. Luri’s interpersonal relations, namely the influence of gender characteristics both on the choice of profession and on the process of work itself. The work of leading specialists in the field of employment of university graduates, their successful adaptation in the labor market, the reasons for the problems of riskiness of the primary entry of graduates into the labor market, and the inconsistency of the educational services market and the labor market were analyzed. Statistics on the gender composition of graduates of higher educational institutions for 2021 are given. The hypothesis that the level of successful adaptation of graduates and their career support are interrelated and mutually agreed with the gender and type of interpersonal relations has been confirmed. We considered the peculiarities of career support for university graduates in the context of socio-cultural understanding of the gender role, as well as the influence of pubic stereotypes on the adaptation of university graduates in the labor market. The features of various approaches to leadership and career building, interpersonal relations are described, taking into account the male and female psyche and characteristic features of intelligence.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):87-96
pages 87-96 views

The possibilities of academic disciplines in introducing students of a technical university to moral values

Pozdnyakova O.K., Soboleva E.I.


The paper presents the study on the problem of the formation of the personality of a student — a future engineer as a moral person, an aspect of which is the definition of the value content of academic disciplines studied at a technical university, and the implementation of this content in the moral education of students. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that the formation of a student as a moral person is associated with the rooting in his mind of moral values, which are reflected in the value orientations of the future engineer. As a mechanism for the formation of students’ value orientations, they are introduced to values. The purpose of the study is to identify the possibilities of academic disciplines studied at a technical university in introducing students to moral values. In the course of the study, an analysis was made of the content of the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education in the direction of training 21.03.01 «Oil and Gas Business», the training profile «Operation and maintenance of oil production facilities», as well as the content of the curriculum for this profile of training, on the basis of which academic disciplines were determined, on which it is possible introducing students to moral values: «History», «Philosophy», «Foreign language», «Jurisprudence», «Theory and practice of social communications», «Ecology», «Life safety», «Physics», «Chemistry», «History oil and gas industry», «Geology and lithology». Based on the analysis of work programs in academic disciplines and comparison of program materials with scientific knowledge about moral values, the content and procedural aspects of introducing students to moral values are revealed. Specific examples show the possibilities of the disciplines «Jurisprudence», «Theory and practice of social communications», «Ecology», «Life safety», «Physics» in introducing students to moral values. Based on the results of the study, conclusions were drawn, firstly, about the uneven reflection of moral values that determine the relationship «engineer — colleagues», «engineer — technology (technosphere)», «engineer — society» in the content of disciplines; secondly, about the possibility of using common methods and means to familiarize students with moral values in the classroom in various academic disciplines — conversation, discussion, dispute, business game, role-playing game.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):97-112
pages 97-112 views

Soft skills as key competences for successful employability of graduate students

Kuregyan A.L., Khusainova M.A.


In modern world, the higher vocational education system must not only be able to promptly respond to the changing demands of different industries for specialists of the required majors, but also to facilitate their rapid employment. Graduates employability is an increasingly important issue. In addition to basic academic and vocational training, graduates are also required to possess flexible skills that are pivotal in transitioning from education to employment. So, for a successful activity, any specialist needs two categories of skills: hard and soft skills. When talking about hard skills, technical knowledge is meant. On the opposite, soft skills refer to communication, team work, creativity, problem solving and other personal skills. Experts agree that beside hard (technical) skills, soft (non-cognitive) skills are necessary. They represent psychological attributes that inform how people learn, think, and act. Measuring soft skills is important because they are variables that allow students to predict their professional future and career orientation. This paper presents the results of studies which have been conducted to identify key competences which today’s graduates should have in order to get a desired job. Main methods and techniques that help to master and improve them are also discussed.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):113-120
pages 113-120 views

Integration model of control of lifelong education system in educational clusters and mechanisms of network interaction

Ovchinnikov D.E., Aсri E.P., Schegoleva E.P.


Today, in conditions of uncertainty and a high level of competitiveness in the labor market, it is necessary to conduct high-quality training of professional personnel in secondary vocational and higher education in a shorter time. A two-level system of training on one educational platform allows you to maintain the continuity of the content of educational programs. The integration process in the field of education makes it possible to achieve high positive results through the diffusion of differentiated elements and properties into a single professional educational space. The paper considers the main directions of integration processes in the framework of continuing education in the format of educational clusters on the example of a University. This model makes it possible to improve the quality and efficiency of training highly qualified personnel for an intensively developing labor market. The implementation of the integration model of management of the system of continuing education through the mechanism of interaction of educational programs of secondary vocational education and higher education creates a collaborative educational environment, which allows to provide the labor market with qualified personnel in the shortest possible time. A variant of the interaction of the integration model of the functioning of the training of middle-level and higher specialists on the platform of the federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education «Samara State Technical University» is considered.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):121-134
pages 121-134 views

Lifelong learning as a major trend in personnel training: theoretical and practical aspects

Kalmykova O.Y., Ryumina N.V., Parfenova S.N., Sukhankina N.V.


The problem of forming conflictological competences of pedagogical staff in educational organization, which is associated with the increasing stressfulness of the organizational environment and multifunctional activities of teaching staff, is presented in the paper. The analysis of conflictological competences, which need to be formed within the framework of continuous conflictological education of university teachers, is given. The paper analyzes the methods and content of the module “Conflict and Stress Management in the Educational Process” of the retraining program “Teacher of Higher Education”. The aim of the research is to develop methodological recommendations aimed at improving the level of conflictological and stress-competence of teachers of Samara State Technical University, involving the use of modern educational technologies. This objective is achieved by means of the following tasks: conducting expert surveys (respondents: teachers and students of the university) in order to determine methods and techniques for improving conflictological and stress competence of teachers; creating training and methodological materials for students of professional development program “Education Process Management: Psychological and Pedagogical Competence of a Technical University Teacher” and retraining program “Teacher of Higher Education” in Samara State Technical University. Team-building” for the students and teachers of the university. The study was conducted in several stages. Objectives of the theoretical stage of the research: to substantiate the significance of increasing the level of conflictological and stress competences of university teachers. Objectives of the diagnostic stage of the research: to monitor the level of professional stress of teachers; to conduct an expert survey to assess the significance of increasing the level of conflictological and stress-competences of university teachers. The respondents of the expert survey were the trainees of the professional development program “Management of Educational Process: Psychological and Pedagogical Competence of a Technical University Teacher” and the retraining program “Teacher of Higher Education” of Samara State Technical University. The following methods were used in the research: expert survey, observation, questionnaires, methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis of the results obtained. The experience of teaching the discipline “Conflict and Stress Management in the Educational Process” as part of the retraining programme “Teacher of Higher Education” of Samara State Technical University is presented. The prospective of the study is the further improvement of teaching methods to develop conflictological and stress-competence of teachers.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):135-148
pages 135-148 views

Development of mathematical competence of future teachers

Abdullaeva B.S.


The paper considers mathematical competence as a component of the professional training of future teachers, the formation of which can be carried out in the process of studying the disciplines of the mathematical cycle in a teacher training university. The research also reveals the essence of such methods as analysis, synthesis, generalization, analogy, and comparison used to develop the mathematical competence of future teachers. The paper provides information on how to increase the level of mathematical competence through the use of a set of professionally oriented mathematical and practical problems in the educational process. This study discusses the importance of mathematical training, mathematical language and mathematical activity in the development of mathematical competence of future teachers. The methodology and current trends in teaching mathematics courses to students of higher educational institutions, as well as the development of mathematical competence in this process, are considered in detail. The basic principles of selection of the formation of the content of mathematical education in a pedagogical university, which determine the effectiveness of the formation of mathematical competence and competence, are determined and theoretically substantiated. The basis of the methodology of the presented research is the systematic and activity approaches, which are focused on a holistic study of objects, by identifying diverse elements and relationships between them. Based on the updated content of mathematical education, future teachers will develop mathematical competence, and the process of mastering the selected content will be of an activity nature.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):149-158
pages 149-158 views

Development of intellectual and creative competence of future teachers

Abduvalieva D.N.


The intellectual and creative competence of a teacher directly determines his competitiveness in the professional sphere and his readiness to use his intellectual experience for the benefit of the future of his country. Thus, the specification of the essence of the component composition of intellectual competence and the description of its components seem to be extremely relevant in the light of the problem being solved. The paper analyzes the component composition of future teachers’ intellectual and creative competence. The necessity of the work done is explained by the fact that the competences mentioned includes all the main elements of the content of education: general educational skills, meta-knowledge, and over-subject activities. The studied intellectual and creative competence is the basis of the individual style of students’ cognitive activity, which underlies their future professional activity. The paper discusses various approaches to determining the structure of this competence, presented in the works of major researchers. The analysis made it possible to identify the following components of intellectual and creative competence: motivational value, cognitive, communicative, metacognitive, research, self-educational, and personal.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):159-170
pages 159-170 views

Education online

Teaching a foreign language at technical university according to the blended learning model in LMS «English Patient»

Shirokolobova A.G., Shirokolobov G.V.


The purpose of the work is to create a methodology for managing educational activities in LMS “English Patient” using blended learning model “Flipped Classroom” in the course of improving the language skills of university teachers. The study was conducted in four stages. At the first stage, the features and technical characteristics of the LMS “English Patient” for teaching foreign languages at the university were studied. At the second stage, the author’s electronic course “Professional English Language Development (PELD)” was developed in LMS “English Patient” for teaching foreign languages at the university according to the model of blended learning “Flipped Classroom”. At the third stage, the methodology of organizing educational activities according to the “Flipped Classroom” model using the LMS “English Patient” is described. At the fourth stage, the level of formation of language skills while working in the LMS “English patient” was revealed.

The scientific novelty of the study consists in creating of effective methodology for managing educational activities using blended learning “Flipped Classroom” model in LMS “English Patient”.

It is proved that LMS “English patient”, as a means of organizing the educational process according to the blended learning model for learning a foreign language, is an effective tool for organizing not only independent work, but also classroom interaction of students with a teacher, which is demonstrated by the high efficiency (76.8 %) of mastering language skills as a result of final testing.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):171-184
pages 171-184 views

Use of infographics to develop speaking skills of engineering students at English classes

Shvaikina N.S., Popel A.A.


Introduction of infographics into tertiary education became widespread during COVID-19 pandemic as the latter triggered a fundamental transition from conventional education to online one. This new format of teaching immediately revealed a few difficulties, such as poor attendance of students, lack of relevant technologies and equipment as well as inability of most educational institutions to respond to these challenges properly. Together with it, we have also discovered that students found it uneasy to learn new material, however, as we believe, it might be improved by introducing new technologies into teaching methodology which can be used both in online and classroom work — for example, to follow up the material which has already been learned online. One of these technologies is infographics. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize readers with infographics as a tool and explain how inforgraphics may contribute to building English speaking skills at technical university. The object of the study in hand is the process of building English speaking skills of students studying at engineering faculties (industrial and civil engineering and construction and technological faculty). The subject of the work is use of infographics to build English speaking skills of students from these faculties in ELT. The practical value of this study is to show how infographics-based exercises could be implemented into English classes for first-year students who study the language at technical university. The research novelty of this study lies in the fact that infographics as a way of visual presentation of various textual, statistical information, data and knowledge is used as a means of teaching a foreign language at the stage of higher education. The results of the research can then be used to teach English to bachelors studying a wide range of engineering degrees, or as part of a refreshing course for non-linguistic masters. In addition, it should be noted that infographics can be used both for classroom and independent work of students.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):185-194
pages 185-194 views

LMS "English patient"

Pedagogical discourse and communication ethic in policultural virtual educational environment

Rozhkov G.A., Taratuhina Y.V., Tsyganova L.A.


The COVID-19 pandemic has served as a catalyst for the transition of education to an online format. Clearly, most educational institutions and teachers were forced to adapt methods and forms of online educational process on the short notice. The issue of online education has long been considered from the scientific and practical sides, however, such a quick and forced transition to online revealed the problems, features and potential of online communication. The ethics of online communication in education is one of the most significant issues. The development of the information environment initiated the emergence of an educational multicultural environment, which entailed a certain kind of systemic changes, which, one way or another, will be reflected in the transformation of the elements of the information and educational environment (IEE) organization. This applies to both the traditional format of education and online educational practices. There is a number of specific features of multicultural educational environment that do not occur in monocultural environments: non-identical professional thesauri, various habitual communication patterns with a teacher, representation of educational information and educational content specifics, decision-making specifics, the attitude to creative tasks performing in the process of learning, ambiguous understanding of learning objectives, terminology, preferred type of control and measuring materials, etc.

Vestnik of Samara State Technical University Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences. 2022;19(4):195-208
pages 195-208 views

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